Nursing Pharmacology Practice Questions – Anti-Infectives

Welcome to your Nursing Pharmacology Practice Questions – Anti-Infectives

Antibiotic to Avoid in Pneumonia

Which drug is inappropriate for treating pneumonia?

Treatment C. Diff

Treatment options for C. difficile include all of the following except:

T/F Red Man Syndrome

True or False: “Red man” syndrome caused by vancomycin infusion is considered a true allergy. 

UTI Medication Selection

JZ is a 29 year old female presenting to the clinic with complaints of increased urination and pain while urinating. She is otherwise healthy and denies other symptoms. She is diagnosed with a UTI and prescribed Bactrim DS. However, you notice in her chart that she has a sulfa allergy. How should you proceed?

Loss of Hearing - Antibiotics

What class of anti-infectives are known to cause loss of hearing?

Amoxicillin/clavulanate ADR

A 7-year-old boy is going to start amoxicillin/clavulanate for his ear infection. Which patient education point would be most appropriate to tell his mother?

Advantages of Azithromycin Versus Clarithromycin

Azithromycin is more frequently used in clinical practice because of what primary reason?

MOA Penicillin

Which of the following is consistent with the mechanism of action of cephalexin?

Antibiotics and Birth Defects

Which antibiotic class would be most likely to cause birth defects and should be avoided in pregnancy?

Bactrim and ACE Inhibitor Risk

A 44 year old female with a history of hypertension (on lisinopril) has developed a skin infection and has been prescribed Bactrim. Which electrolyte abnormality would you be concerned about with this combination of medications?