Nursing Pharmacology Practice Questions – Vitamins and Supplements

Welcome to your Nursing Pharmacology Practice Questions – Vitamins and Supplements

Pregnancy N/V treatment

Mrs. James is a 33-year-old female who is pregnant with her second child. She has had severe nausea and vomiting. Which supplement would potentially be beneficial for her symptoms?

PPI Use and Deficiency

Mr. Ester has asked you about his chronic use of omeprazole and the supplements he takes. He has heard that it can lead to a deficiency of vitamins. Which vitamin deficiency is most like to result from this medication?

Methotrexate Supplement

You are going through the medication of a new admission to the assisted living where you are working at. You notice that she is taking chronic methotrexate for psoriasis but she is not taking any supplements. What supplement would be recommended with this medication?

Hemoglobin Non-response

A patient's hemoglobin has not been improving despite iron supplementation. Which supplement might be helpful in aiding the gastrointestinal absorption of iron?

Preventing Neural Tube Defects

You find out that one of your patients Mrs. James has found out that she is pregnant. What supplement would lower the risk of neural tube defects?

Supplement for Excessive Warfarin

Mr. Jackson has an elevated INR and has reported some blood in his stool. The provider would like to start a medication that would counteract this elevated INR. Which supplement would be most helpful?

Use of Vitamin K

Why should vitamin K not be administered via IM route?

Accumulation of Fat Soluble Vitamins

Fat soluble vitamins are more likely to accumulate than water soluble vitamins. Which of the following vitamins is water soluble?

Why IM B12 Administration

JS is a 77 year old female with Vitamin B12 deficiency. She's gotten B12 injections for years and would like to stop receiving them. Why do we give B12 injections versus oral administration for some patients?

Iron ADR

Which of the following is consistent with the adverse effects of iron supplements?