Top 200 Drugs Pharmacology Podcast – Drugs 11-15

Metformin is a medication used in the management of diabetes. It can cause significant diarrhea, B12 deficiency, and in rare cases, lactic acidosis.

Atorvastatin (Lipitor) is a statin medication used for cholesterol management. It lowers LDL and is associated with myopathy.

Omeprazole is a PPI used for GERD and has drug interactions with citalopram and clopidogrel.

Ciprofloxacin is a quinolone antibiotic used to treat gram-negative infections and UTIs. It carries numerous risks such as tendon rupture.

Ondansetron is an antiemetic medication used in the management of nausea and vomiting. I discuss the prescribing cascade in relation to this medication.

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Omeprazole Pharmacology

Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that can be commonly used for GERD, PUD, and GI prophylaxis.

Omeprazole can inhibit CYP2C19 which can cause concentrations of drugs like escitalopram and citalopram to rise.

Hypomagnesemia, low B12, osteoporosis, and an increase in C. Diff risk are potential complications with longer term PPI use.

PPI’s like omeprazole are best given 30-60 minutes before meals. This is something that patients often forget.

I discuss important drug interactions on the podcast, be sure to check out my latest project which is a 200+ page book on managing drug interactions in primary care.

Be sure to check out our free Top 200 study guide – a 31 page PDF that is yours for FREE!