Prochlorperazine Pharmacology

Prochlorperazine has several potential mechanisms of action. It can block dopamine and alpha receptors as well as have anticholinergic effects.

Prochlorperazine is classified as an antipsychotic and antiemetic. It is very seldom used as an antipsychotic in clinical practice and more used for its antiemetic effects.

Because of the anticholinergic activity of prochlorperazine, there is potential for dry mouth, dry eyes, urinary retention, constipation, and other anticholinergic effects.

Prochlorperazine does have the potential to have some alpha blocking activity. Keep an eye out for hypotension in patients who may be at risk.

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Ondansetron Pharmacology

Ondansetron (Zofran) is a medication used for nausea and vomiting. In this episode, I lay out the pharmacology, adverse effects, drug interactions and more!

Ondansetron has been reported to increase the risk of serotonin syndrome. I discuss this further on the podcast.

Ondansetron can exacerbate QTc prolongation. Keep an eye out for patients who may have risk factors or be on other medications that can contribute to this. I discuss this further on this podcast.

Ondansetron is often used for chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting. I discuss this and other indications on the podcast.

Be sure to check out our free Top 200 study guide – a 31 page PDF that is yours for FREE!