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Benzodiazepines act by enhancing the effect of GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter.
Benzodiazepines can cause confusion, sedation, and respiratory depression.
There are many potential indications for benzodiazepines. They can be used in anxiety, status epilepticus, insomnia, and alcohol withdrawal amongst other things.
There is a boxed warning for the use of opioids with benzodiazepines. The primary risk of the combination is respiratory depression.